Hemorrhoids are painful swollen veins near the rectum and are common with middle-aged to older adults that cause moderate to severe discomfort. They form from various causes such as straining during bowel movements to the increased pressure on these veins from pregnancy. Hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure to permanently remove these hemorrhoids from the body.
After local anesthesia is applied, incisions are made in the tissue around the hemorrhoid, and the swollen veins are removed. This procedure takes approximately 30 minutes. Afterwards, the patient is still under anesthesia which will numb the surgical area for 8-12 hours. Expected recovery time is approximately 3-4 days. Approximately 5% of all patients have additional hemorrhoids develop after having surgical treatment. However, recurrence of hemorrhoids can be prevented with lifestyle changes and other interventions.